What is male infertility?

Infertility in Men

Infertility in Men

The incapability born or developed in a reproductive system to produce offspring is called infertility. This incapability can be subject to both male and female reproductive systems.

Infertility can be or cannot be curable depending on how it is molded in a person. Curable infertility can be treated with certain medications whereas incurable fertility is left unremoved paying attention to overall body health. The person affected with incurable infertility would look for available alternatives like sperm donation or surrogacy to reproduce.

In the estimated failed fertility rate, the men are the reason for most percentage causing infertility in a couple. 

Male Reproductive System

The male reproductive system is divided into two parts, the outer part, and the inner part. The outer part is located outside of the body. These external organs include the penis, scrotum, and testicles. The penis is the only organ in the whole body that is projected outside of the body. The inner part of the reproductive system includes the vas deferens, prostate, and urethra. 

The male reproductive system is responsible for both sexual function and urinary excretion. 

Male Infertility

Male fertility is a lesser job compared to female fertility in the matter of reproduction. The female reproductive system is the source to produce a body. Male fertility is just supposed to empower the female reproductive system. Semen is the male reproductive matter when engaged with the ovary which is the female reproductive matter, the reproduction begins in the female body.

The fetus formed over the interaction of semen and ovum is developed over some time. The complete development will result in enough body formation of the by-product that would no longer be sustained inside the body. Furthermore, the delivery takes place. 

In the whole process of reproduction of the by-product from interacting semen to the ovary, to developing the fetus into a delivered-out shape, the major part takes place in the female reproductive system. The male reproductive system has to only make sperm through testosterone, then eject it through the pelvis. This little process also needs utmost care because, without semen, there is no chance for the female reproductive system to produce itself. 

Male infertility could be caused by low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, Erectile dysfunction, hormonal discharge, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, accidents, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices, and other factors may lead to male infertility.

Various Causes Behind Male Infertility

Erectile Dysfunction

The inability of men to raise their penis in response to their sexual urge is called Erectile Dysfunction. The inability of men to maintain the erected penis standstill throughout sexual intercourse is called Erectile Dysfunction. The impotent behavior in male sexual orientation is called Erectile Dysfunction. This impotence is a subject of failure in men due to depression, seriousness, hormonal dysfunction, genetic disorders, accidents, habits, contemporary conditions, etc. which is observed more in the modern-day generation.

The erectile penis only could send semen into the vagina. The enlarged erectile penis only could make sense on either side. The penis which is unable to erect or ejaculate is subjected to one of the factors of infertility. 

Abnormal Sperm production

Sperm production Is the content of the whole male reproductive system. Due to various conditions observed internally and outwardly, few men are conditioned to abnormal sperm production. The abnormality would lead to infertility. 

There are three types of abnormal sperm production varying with how different the sperm count is. They are, 


The complete absence of sperm cells in the ejaculated orgasm is called semen in men. This could be due to a complete disorder of testosterone or duct glands.


This condition leads to watery semen. That is, the semen content has less sperm. The fluid of semen is so liquid where it is supposed to be semi-liquid. 


The thick semen ejected through a penile erection is called Teratospermia. The thickness of semen is more than required with a high proportion of sperm resulting in an abnormal shape.

Retrograde Ejaculation

Retrograde ejaculation is a typical condition when semen enters the bladder instead of coming out through the penis during orgasm. This leads to no outcome to less amount of semen ejaculation leading to Infertility. 

Testicular cancer 

Testicular cancer, also called malignant neoplasm of the testis, causes lumps in the scrotum and leads to testes hormone dysfunction. The cancer cells developed in and around male genitals hesitate to function leading to Infertility and urinary problems.

Hodgkin's disease

Deactivating the immune system to function in any body role is a separate cancer called Hodgkin's disease. This decreases the ability to fight infections in the body. Sexual transmission infections under Hodgkin's diseases will lead to death. 

Sperm blockage ejaculatory duct block

The ejaculatory duct in the genital organ of the male reproductive system is sometimes blocked due to various Sexually Transmitted Infections or inflammation leading to no way to semen come out. 


There are various acts and conditions under lifestyle situations leading to infertility in men. 


Anxiety is causing a tremendous change in blood circulation, cardiovascular conditions, sugar levels, and body nerves causing an imbalance in hormones, gland secretion, and sexual behavior. This could lead to Infertility, after all. 

Smoking and Drinking

The curious and adrenal-rushing habits for a long period could lead to certain disengagements in the body. Smoking and drinking habits would lead to toxic reactions in the body. This toxicity developed in the body would affect kidneys which are the main organ to do sex.


Any heart-beat raising, chemical contented drugs lead to temporary happiness or dopamine but could lead to psychological disorders and hormonal disorders. The sex organs in the body would function otherwise and could lead to gender change, too.


Few medications for curing other diseases and disorders could lead to Infertility. Excess use of skincare products and hair care products could lead to Infertility. Cancer treatments like Chemotherapy could damage both sperm and eggs.

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